Analisis Indikator Makro Ekonomi Terhadap Tingkat Kemiskinan di Provinsi Sumatera Barat

Main Article Content

Cempaka Rizki Ambar Sari
Dela Resina
Neng Kamarni


Poverty is a problem of economic development which is always an interesting discussion. Poverty has an impact on socio-economic burdens, increases in crime, decreases the quality of life, and hinders the creation of superior human resources. The objectives of this study were to 1) analyze the concept and development of poverty in West Sumatra Province; and 2) to analyze the effect of macroeconomic indicators on poverty in West Sumatra Province. The macroeconomic indicators used are Economic Growth Rate based on Gross Regional Domestic Product (GRDP) and Human Development Index (HDI). The analytical tool used is multiple linear regression which includes data from 19 districts and cities in West Sumatra Province during the period 2015-2019. From the results of this study, it was found that in general the poverty rate in West Sumatra Province from 2015-2019 continued to decline. The variable rate of economic growth has a positive relationship with the level of poverty in West Sumatra Province. Meanwhile, the HDI variable has a significant effect on the poverty level and has a negative relationship.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Sari, C., Resina, D., & Kamarni, N. (2021). Analisis Indikator Makro Ekonomi Terhadap Tingkat Kemiskinan di Provinsi Sumatera Barat. Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Scholastic, 5(1), 1-7.


[1]Amaluddin, W Payopo, R., Laitupa, A. A., & Serang, M. R. (2018). A Modified Human Development Index and Poverty in the Villages of West Seram Regency, Maluku Province, Indonesia. International Journal of Economics and Financial, 325-330.
[2]Bappenas, 2004. Rencana Strategis Penanggulangan Kemiskinan di Indonesia, Jakarta.
[3]Bonilla, E. D. (2007, October). Global Macroeconomics Development The Implications for Poverty. International Food Policy Research Institute.
[4]Breunig, R., & Majeed, O. (2019). Inequality, poverty and economic growth. International Economics.
[5]BPS. (2020). Provinsi Sumatera Barat Dalam Angka 2020. Badan Pusat Statistik.
[6]Dev, S. Mahendra. “Inclusive Growth in India-Agriculture, Poverty and Human Development.” Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics, vol. 63, no. 2, 2008, pp. 276-279.
[7]Harun. “The Impact of Real Earning Revenue and Funds of The Ecomic Growth with Capital Shop as a Moderating Variable in Regency/City of Aceh Province, 2013-2015.” International Journal of Public Budgetig, Accounting and Finance, 2018.
[8]Islam, Md Rabiul, and Mark McGilivray. “Wealth Inequality, Governance and Economic Growth.” Economic Modelling, 2019. Accessed 30 June 2019.
[9]Martin, Elena Barcena, et al. “Rethinking Multidimensional Poverty Through a Multi-Criteria Analysis.” Economic Modelling, vol. 91, 2020, pp. 313-325. Accessed 24 June 2020.
[10]Meij, Erik, et al. “'Everywhere they are trying to hide poverty. I hate it!: Spasial Practices of the Urban Poor in Calgary, Canada.” Geoforum, 2020. Accessed 03 October 2020.
[12]Morris, M. H., & Trucker, R. (2020, April 09). Poverty and Entrepreneurship in Developed Economies: Re-Assessing the Roles of Policy and Community Action. Journal of Poverty. 10.1080/10875549.2020.1747587
[13]Nagis, F. (2019). Poverty Reduction and Human Development : Impact of ENRICH Programme on Income Poverty in Bangladesh. Indian Journal of Human Development, 13-31.
[14]Nugraha, M. R., & Nasruddin. (2020). Dampak Kebijakan Program Keluarga Harapan (PKH) Terhadap Penanggulangan Kemiskinan di Kabupaten Banjar Tahun 2013-2018. Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi dan Pembangunan, 3, 30-44.
[15]Septiadi, D., & Nursan, M. (2020, Februari). Pengentasan Kemiskinan Indonesia : Analisis Indikator Makroekonomi dan Kebijakan Pertanian. Jurnal Hexagro, 4, 1-14.
[16]Sihite, Lestari, et al. “The Effect of Village Funds, Human Development Index (HDI), and Economic Groth on Decrease of Poverty Level in North Sumatera Province.” International Journal Public Budgeting, Accounting and Finance, vol. 4, no. 1, 2020.
[17]Sumatera Barat, P. (2018). RPJMD Provinsi Sumatera Barat Tahun 2016-2021. Provinsi Sumatera Barat.
[18]World Bank. 2006. Making the New Indonesia Work for the Poor. The World Bank.